I recently figured out how to get rid of an annoying message that came from the tar backup program that I'd like to share. I have servers that I've set up to do hosting for some clients. Since they're actually paying for this service I also perform regular backups. This would be pretty annoying to do manually every day so I have a cron job run the backup script each day.
The script I wrote used
tar to create the backup file but was also printing out the warning
tar: Removing leading `/' from member names
This was incredibly annoying because the end result was an email from cron, with that message, every single time the script ran. I had two backup scripts run every day. Eventually, even though that message didn't affect the backups at all --- they were still working --- I decided to look into it to remove the message and prevent cron from emailing me spurious messages.
That was the prologue. Here's what you came for: The Solution.
My first try at this, after looking up the documentation, still failed, and I had no idea why. According to the documentation for
tar using the
-C switch was the solution.
-C directory In c and r mode, this changes the directory before adding the following files.
According to the docs, I could instruct
tar to switch directories first, and if it did that, it wouldn't need to strip the
/ from names instead. I changed my script from the previous format of
tar -cjf $destination.tar.bz2 /file/path1 /file/path2
And changed it to
tar -C / -cjf $destination.tar.bz2 /file/path1 /file/path2
And nothing changed! Disappointing to say the least. I went back to my standard web developer debugging tool when things get hard and created a test case. A simple backup command with the least arguments possible that still created a viable backup.
After doing that I realized where I went wrong. You see even though I was switching the the root directory
/, I was still including the leading
/ with the file paths I was backing up. Since this was a script and the file paths to backup up were actually defined early on they weren't in view and I didn't even think about them being present.
tar to switch to the
/ directory and then removing the leading
/ from the file paths the error did, indeed go away. You can see a modified, fixed backup command below:
tar -C / -cjf $destination.tar.bz2 file/path1 file/path2
As you can see once we switch to
/ we then use relative file paths to point
tar to the location of the directories (or files) we want backed up.
There you have it, the way to prevent the
tar: Removing leading '/' from member names message is a two-fold process.
- Invoke tar with the -C switch pointed at the root directory, i.e.
- Change your file paths from absolute to relative by removing all the leading slashes